Sulfur

Authored by: Cynthia Grant , Malcolm J. Hawkesford

Handbook of Plant Nutrition

Print publication date:  May  2015
Online publication date:  May  2015

Print ISBN: 9781439881972
eBook ISBN: 9781439881989
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/b18458-10

 Download Chapter

 

Abstract

Sulfur (S) has been recognized as a plant nutrient since the time of Liebig, who indicated that S was accessed by plants from the soil solution (Meidner, 1985). Sachs also determined that S was an essential element from his own and previous research (Sachs, 1865; cited by Epstein, 2000). In the past, deficiencies were relatively rare in industrialized areas due to inadvertent inputs of S from industrial pollution (Lehmann et al., 2008) and in the superphosphate and ammonium sulfate fertilizers that were used frequently to supply P and N. In regions with limited industrialization and low atmospheric input of S, such as the Northern Great Plains of North America, S deficiencies were recognized early. For example, S deficiencies were identified in the Canadian prairies as a risk for legume production in the 1930s and for canola (rapeseed, Brassica napus L.) in the late 1960s and early 1970s (Hamm, 1967; Hamm et al., 1973; Beaton and Soper, 1986). In the Prairie Provinces, there are more than 4 million ha of agricultural soils deficient in plant-available S and substantially greater areas are potentially deficient (Bettany and Janzen, 1984; Doyle and Cowell, 1993). With movement to intensive crop production practices, use of high-yielding cultivars, movement away from S-containing fertilizers such as ammonium sulfate and superphosphate, and decreases in aerial deposition of S due to increased air quality standards, S deficiencies have been identified on a broad range of soils in North America, Europe, Asia, and Australia (Karamanos, 1988; Ali et al., 1996; McGrath and Zhao, 1996b; Jackson, 2000; Grant et al., 2004; Malhi et al., 2004; Brennan and Bolland, 2006; Solberg et al., 2007; Brennan and Bolland, 2008; Haneklaus et al., 2008; Egesel et al., 2009; Eriksen, 2009). In Europe, S deficiencies have been noted in rapeseed crops since the mid-1980s, with the occurrence of deficiencies related to the reduction in atmospheric S deposition that previously provided a significant source of plant-available S (Haneklaus et al., 2008). Similarly, effects of S deficiency on the quality of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) grain have been observed increasingly (Zhao et al., 1995, 1997, 1999a). Application of S fertilizer to rape-seed crops is a recommended and widely followed commercial production practice (Good and Glendinning, 1998; Thomas, 2003; Haneklaus et al., 2008).

 Cite
Search for more...
Back to top

Use of cookies on this website

We are using cookies to provide statistics that help us give you the best experience of our site. You can find out more in our Privacy Policy. By continuing to use the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.