Overview of Biofilms and Some Key Methods for Their Study

Authored by: Paramita Basu , Irvin N. Hirshfield , Subit Barua

Practical Handbook of Microbiology

Print publication date:  June  2015
Online publication date:  June  2015

Print ISBN: 9781466587397
eBook ISBN: 9781466587403
Adobe ISBN:


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Perhaps we can say that microbiology began in the late seventeenth century through the curiosity of Antony van Leeuwenhoek, who although an amateur had a passion for microscopy. He was the first to describe accurately the creatures of the invisible world, which he called animalcules. We now appreciate that among these animalcules were bacteria and eukaryotic microbes. However, it should be realized that there were predecessors to van Leeuwenhoek. Jansen is credited with the development of early compound microscopes, and as far back as the mid-sixteenth century, Girolamo Francastoro, among others, is hailed as suggesting that unseen organisms could cause disease [1,2].

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