The Genus Yersinia

Authored by: Susan E. Sharp

Practical Handbook of Microbiology

Print publication date:  June  2015
Online publication date:  June  2015

Print ISBN: 9781466587397
eBook ISBN: 9781466587403
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/b17871-43

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Abstract

Plague is one of the oldest recorded infectious diseases. It has caused at least three major pandemics at approximately 600-year intervals in history. The first pandemic began in Egypt and spread through the Middle East to Europe in the sixth century. The second plague occurred during the fourteenth century and was called The Black Death. It began in the area of the Black Sea and spread to Europe. It was responsible for the death of more than a quarter of Europe’s population. The third pandemic began in 1855 in China, Egypt, Portugal, Japan, Paraguay, Eastern Africa, Manila, Scotland, Australia, and the United States. This infection is believed to have caused more than 150 epidemics of varying degrees until the 1950s. 1 4

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