Synchytrium endobioticum

Authored by: Dongyou Liu , Jarosław Przetakiewicz

Manual of Security Sensitive Microbes and Toxins

Print publication date:  April  2014
Online publication date:  April  2014

Print ISBN: 9781466553965
eBook ISBN: 9781466553989
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/b16752-81

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Abstract

Synchytrium endobioticum (Shilb.) Perc. is a fungus which causes potato wart disease known also as black wart, warty disease, potato tumor, black cancer, or black scab. The fungus is a member of genus Synchytrium, which contains about 200 species. While all Synchytrium species are parasites, S. endobioticum is the most important economically and phytosanitarily. The main host of S. endobioticum is potato, but the fungus is able to infect other species of the genus Solanum (covering annual and perennial plants). 1 Although S. endobioticum originated from Andean zone in South America, thanks to the popularity of the potatoes, it is distributed worldwide and occurs almost around the world. First found in 1876 in the United Kingdom, 2,3 S. endobioticum was only described by Shilberszky in 1896. 9 According to Hampson, 3 thousands of outbreaks had been reported in England by 1919. Similar cases had been also documented in Germany in the 1920s–1940s. 4 Soon, most countries in Europe had reported outbreaks of potato wart disease. 1 Currently, S. endobioticum is described in 15 European countries. 5 The geographical distribution of this pathogen includes all European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (EPPO) regions (except a few countries), Asia, North and South America, as well as Oceania (New Zealand). 6

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