Lumpy Skin Disease Virus

Authored by: Estelle H. Venter

Manual of Security Sensitive Microbes and Toxins

Print publication date:  April  2014
Online publication date:  April  2014

Print ISBN: 9781466553965
eBook ISBN: 9781466553989
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/b16752-64

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Abstract

Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is an acute, subacute, or inapparent viral disease of cattle of all breeds. 1 It is characterized by fever, enlarged lymph nodes, and the formation of multiple firm, circumscribed nodules in the skin of affected animals and necrotic plaques in the mucous membranes mainly of the upper respiratory tract and oral cavity as well as generalized lymphadenopathy. 2 The disease is more severe in young animals, cows in the peak of lactation, and those individuals suffering from various stress factors, such as infectious and parasitic diseases or extreme weather conditions. 1

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