Capripoxviruses

Authored by: Veerakyathappa Bhanuprakash , M. Hosamani

Manual of Security Sensitive Microbes and Toxins

Print publication date:  April  2014
Online publication date:  April  2014

Print ISBN: 9781466553965
eBook ISBN: 9781466553989
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/b16752-61

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Abstract

Capripoxviruses are a group of poxviruses that include sheeppox virus (SPPV), goatpox virus (GTPV), and lumpy skin disease virus (LSDV). They cause sheeppox, goatpox, and lumpy skin disease. The target species for these viruses are sheep, goat, and cattle. Capripox diseases are transboundary, notifiable to Office Internationale des Epizooties (OIE), the world organization for animal health, and listed in select agent group. They are economically important in a country in which they are enzootic and restrict the international trade of animals and their byproducts. Goatpox and sheeppox are prevalent in Africa above the equator, Asia, and the Middle East, and occasional outbreaks occur in regions of Europe surrounding the Middle East. In contrary, LSD is enzootic in Africa and outbreaks have occurred in the Middle East surrounding Egypt. 1 Currently, there is a reduction in the distribution of these diseases, compared to earlier years. Yet, these viruses are expanding their territory with recent outbreaks of sheeppox and goatpox recorded in Vietnam, Mongolia, and Greece and outbreaks of LSD in Ethiopia, Egypt, and Israel. The legal and illegal trade of animals potentially contributes to their spread. 1

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