Bluetongue Virus

Authored by: Polly Roy , Bishnupriya Bhattacharya

Manual of Security Sensitive Microbes and Toxins

Print publication date:  April  2014
Online publication date:  April  2014

Print ISBN: 9781466553965
eBook ISBN: 9781466553989
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/b16752-58

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Abstract

Bluetongue virus (BTV), the causative agent of bluetongue (BT) disease, is an important pathogen of ruminants and can result in high morbidity and mortality in livestock resulting in significant economic loss. 1 BTV is transmitted between the vertebrate hosts by hematophagous arthropods belonging to the Culicoides genera, 2,3 and it replicates both in vertebrates and arthropods. Although previously the disease was restricted to the tropical and subtropical parts of the world, due to the change in global warming and the migration pattern of the vectors, BT is becoming a common disease of animals throughout the globe.

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