African Swine Fever Virus

Authored by: Armanda D.S. Bastos , Folorunso O. Fasina , Donald P. King

Manual of Security Sensitive Microbes and Toxins

Print publication date:  April  2014
Online publication date:  April  2014

Print ISBN: 9781466553965
eBook ISBN: 9781466553989
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/b16752-56

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Abstract

African swine fever virus (ASFV) causes a highly lethal, viral hemorrhagic disease in domestic pigs, which represents a global threat due to the current lack of a vaccine and unavailability of treatment options for a disease that has morbidity and mortality rates of 100%, when highly pathogenic ASFV strains are involved. The virtually worldwide dependence on pork as a source of affordable protein, high virus stability and longevity in inadequately treated meat products, and rapid dissemination of meat products through well-established transport and trading routes, together with pathognomic clinical signs in infected animals can collectively contribute to ill-afforded delays in agent identification and mobilization of essential control measures to limit spread. Countries to which the disease is exotic are particularly prone to unavoidable delays unless veterinary officials and diagnostic laboratory staff are, respectively, primed and prepared to recognize and identify both the disease and the disease-causing agent.

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