T-2, HT-2, and Diacetoxyscirpenol Toxins from Fusarium

Authored by: Alicia Rodríguez , Mar Rodríguez , Marta Herrera , Agustín Ariño , Juan J. Córdoba

Manual of Security Sensitive Microbes and Toxins

Print publication date:  April  2014
Online publication date:  April  2014

Print ISBN: 9781466553965
eBook ISBN: 9781466553989
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/b16752-52

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Abstract

Fusarium species are important plant pathogens that cause significant quality and economic losses in small grain cereals by reducing crop yield and concomitant contamination with mycotoxins, especially trichothecenes. Thus, Fusarium genus includes devastating plant pathogenic fungi that cause diseases in plants as diverse as maize, wheat, banana, tomato, and mango around the world. Fusarium species are a widespread cosmopolitan group of fungi that commonly colonize aerial and subterranean plant parts, either as primary or secondary invaders. Fusarium can be soil-, air-, or water-borne or carried in or on plant residue or seeds, and can be recovered from any part of a plant, for example, from roots, shoots, flowers, and/or cones, as well as seeds. 1

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