Arenaviruses

Authored by: Frank Sauvage , Joseph Fair , Jean-Paul Gonzalez

Manual of Security Sensitive Microbes and Toxins

Print publication date:  April  2014
Online publication date:  April  2014

Print ISBN: 9781466553965
eBook ISBN: 9781466553989
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/b16752-4

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Abstract

Classified in the Arenaviridae family arenaviruses naturally and chronically infect rodents, which serve as a reservoir host and carry the virus in an asymptomatic manner. Rodent species appear to be specifically and chronically infected by a virus species and represent a model of virus–host coevolution (Table 2.1). 1 One exception is the Tacaribe virus (TACV), an arenavirus that has been found naturally and specifically infecting chiropterans; however, a recent work raised doubts about the classically identified bat reservoir. 2,3 Recently a virus has been isolated from reptiles (Boinae subfamily), and identified as an arenavirus; if it is confirmed as a new arenavirus species, it will reveal additional insight into the arenavirus family, in relation to its potential to adapt from one host to another, to coevolve, and to pose zoonotic risk in other host species. 4

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