Bacillus anthracis

Authored by: Noura Raddadi , Elena Crotti , Fabio Fava , Daniele Daffonchio

Manual of Security Sensitive Microbes and Toxins

Print publication date:  April  2014
Online publication date:  April  2014

Print ISBN: 9781466553965
eBook ISBN: 9781466553989
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/b16752-27

 Download Chapter

 

Abstract

The genus Bacillus encompasses rod-shaped Gram-positive and spore-forming bacteria that are characterized by high diversity in terms of physiology, ecological niche, gene sequences, and regulation. These bacteria have an important impact on human activity varying from probiotic effect 13 to severe pathogenicity. Species within the genus have been emerged as new human pathogens that are associated with foodborne diseases and can cause severe and even fatal infections. These include Bacillus cereus, B. weihenstephanensis, B. pumilus, B. mojavensis, B. licheniformis, B. subtilis, and B. circulans. 4 However, the oldest, most infectious, and potentially lethal human disease is the anthrax that is caused by the species Bacillus anthracis, a member of the B. cereus group. The infection with the bacterium often leads to systemic anthrax, defined as the invasive infection associated with bacterial dissemination or toxin-mediated multiorgan dysfunction, and which may be secondary to any of the four well-described forms of the disease. 5

 Cite
Search for more...
Back to top

Use of cookies on this website

We are using cookies to provide statistics that help us give you the best experience of our site. You can find out more in our Privacy Policy. By continuing to use the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.