Salinity and Amenity Horticulture

Authored by: Atif Riaz , Peter M. Martin

Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology

Print publication date:  March  2014
Online publication date:  March  2014

Print ISBN: 9781466553286
eBook ISBN: 9781466553293
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/b16675-35

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Abstract

Plants in amenity horticulture are frequently exposed to environmental conditions without any protection, which can induce physiological stress and adversely affect their growth and appearance. Over the last few decades, many reviews have been published on how plant species respond to different environmental stress factors including drought (Munns and Tester, 2008; Farooq et al., 2009; Riaz, 2010; Riaz et al., 2010; Ricardo, 2012), salinity (Flowers et al., 1977; Greenway and Munns, 1980; Läuchli and Grattan, 2007; Munns, 2011; Nadeem et al., 2012), temperature extremes (Krasensky and Jonak, 2012), and pollution (Bell et al., 2011). From these reviews, it is evident that important advances are being made in understanding the fundamental mechanisms by which plants adapt to stress, while at the applied level, considerable effort is being devoted to the search for efficient screening methods for the identification of stress-resistant genotypes. Germplasm so identified can ultimately be used for breeding and development of stress-resistant landscape plants (Steve and Harold, 2000; Martin, 2004).

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