Effect of Drought/Water Stress and Adaptation to Unintended Consequences of Wheat Growth and Development in Pakistan

Authored by: Ijaz Rasool Noorka

Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology

Print publication date:  March  2014
Online publication date:  March  2014

Print ISBN: 9781466553286
eBook ISBN: 9781466553293
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/b16675-28

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Abstract

Pakistan is situated in the north-eastern part of the Indo-Pakistan subcontinent that lies between 23° and 37° north latitude and 62° and 75° east longitude, with a length and width of nearly 1400 and 500 km, respectively. Pakistan spans across a huge area, having a fertile soil, topography, and a favorable climate, highly suitable for round-the-clock agriculture and good food production. Pakistan is naturally an agricultural-based economy, which is the main provider of employment and livelihood. The country produces wheat, maize, rice, cotton, sugarcane, and other cereal in sufficient quantities. Wheat is the predominant food grain in Pakistan (Noorka et al., 2012). Pakistan underwent a historical green revolution of the 1960s, which paved the way for new, improved early-maturity and high-yielding dwarf varieties of wheat and rice (Noorka et al., 2013a).

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