In This Chapter

Fundamentals of Point-Pattern Analysis

Authored by: Thorsten Wiegand , Kirk A. Moloney

Handbook of Spatial Point-Pattern Analysis in Ecology

Print publication date:  December  2013
Online publication date:  December  2013

Print ISBN: 9781420082548
eBook ISBN: 9781420082555
Adobe ISBN:


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This chapter is the core of the book and provides the conceptual framework for point-pattern analysis in ecology. We begin by briefly explaining the basic steps of point-pattern analysis in Section 2.1. This is followed by the introduction of the basic data types of interest in ecology (Section 2.2) and the summary statistics adapted to explore each of these data types (Section 2.3). We then describe the different ways that null models can be used to test ecological hypotheses or conduct exploratory analyses (Section 2.4), followed by an introduction of the general methods used to compare data and the output of point-process models (Section 2.5). We end the chapter with a discussion of the methods used to detect and deal with heterogeneities (Section 2.6).

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