Context Questionnaire Scales in TIMSS and PIRLS 2011

Authored by: Michael O. Martin , Ina V. S. Mullis , Alka Arora , Corinna Preuschoff

Handbook of International Large-Scale Assessment

Print publication date:  November  2013
Online publication date:  November  2013

Print ISBN: 9781439895122
eBook ISBN: 9781439895146
Adobe ISBN:


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Since their inception, the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA) Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) and Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS) international assessments have provided extensive information about home supports and school environments for teaching and learning. * In 2011, the trend cycles of TIMSS (every 4 years) and PIRLS (every 5 years) came together, producing a synergy that led to advancements in the quality of the background data collected in both studies, and in particular to updates in the way context questionnaire data were scaled and reported.

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