Nutrition in Renal Disease and Hypertension

Authored by: David Martins , Keith Norris , David Heber

Handbook of Nutrition and Food

Print publication date:  July  2013
Online publication date:  April  2016

Print ISBN: 9781466505711
eBook ISBN: 9781466505728
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/b15294-65

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Abstract

Chronic renal insufficiency is the ninth leading cause of death in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control. 1 In this disease, the kidneys are damaged and cannot filter blood effectively. This damage can cause wastes to build up in the body and lead to other health problems, including cardiovascular disease (CVD), anemia, and bone disease. People with early chronic kidney disease (CKD) tend not to feel any symptoms. The only ways to detect CKD are through a blood test to estimate kidney function and a urine test to assess kidney damage. If left untreated, chronic renal insufficiency leads to renal failure.

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