Metabolic Syndrome, Overweight, and Fatty Liver

Authored by: E.L. Thomas , J.A. Fitzpatrick , Gary Frost , Jimmy D. Bell

Handbook of Nutrition and Food

Print publication date:  July  2013
Online publication date:  April  2016

Print ISBN: 9781466505711
eBook ISBN: 9781466505728
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/b15294-52

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Abstract

The advance of obesity across the Western population appears unabated, despite the increasing efforts by governments and international organizations. In the United Kingdom alone, it is estimated that by the year 2050, close to 80% of the population will be either overweight or obese. 1 Accompanying this increase in obesity are a plethora of comorbidities, including insulin resistance, diabetes, CVD, and some form of cancers, many of which are having catastrophic effects both on an individual’s quality of life and on the country’s economy. 2 This problem has now extended to the younger population in the United Kingdom, where ca. 23% and 33% of 4–5 and 10–11 year-old children, respectively, are overweight or obese. 3 Again, in many cases, childhood obesity is associated with insulin resistance and type II diabetes (T2D). 4 A similar trend is observed in women of childbearing age, the consequences of which are as yet unknown.

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