Nutritional Assessment in the Clinical Setting

Authored by: Dong Wook Kim , Lalita Khaodhiar , Caroline M. Apovian

Handbook of Nutrition and Food

Print publication date:  July  2013
Online publication date:  April  2016

Print ISBN: 9781466505711
eBook ISBN: 9781466505728
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/b15294-51

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Abstract

Nutrition assessment is the comprehensive approach used to identify patients’ nutrition status and malnutrition and requires an integration of detailed medical and nutritional history, physical examination, anthropometric measurement, and laboratory tests (Table 45.1). In the clinical setting, many acute and chronic illnesses relate to the patients’ nutritional status. Moreover, malnutrition is not uncommon and its prevalence in the hospital setting has been reported to be between 20% and 50%. 1 An appropriate nutrition assessment is necessary in identifying malnutrition, and it should be followed by intensive nutritional intervention in appropriate cases. Proper nutritional management will reduce complications associated with malnutrition and improve clinical outcomes in both the inpatient and the outpatient setting.

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