Use of Food Frequency Questionnaires in Minority Populations

Authored by: Rebecca S. Reeves

Handbook of Nutrition and Food

Print publication date:  July  2013
Online publication date:  April  2016

Print ISBN: 9781466505711
eBook ISBN: 9781466505728
Adobe ISBN:


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Food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) are selected by investigators to assess the usual food or nutrient intakes of groups or individuals because they are relatively easy to administer, are less expensive than other dietary assessment methods, and can be adapted to all racial and ethnic populations in the United States. 1 Investigators can also modify these dietary instruments for telephone interviews or a self-administered mailed survey. FFQs are commonly used in epidemiological studies on diet and disease but are also chosen by investigators as the dietary assessment instrument in clinical intervention studies. The use of these questionnaires in minority populations in the United States is increasing for several reasons: The country is becoming more racially and ethnically diverse, 2 government agencies have placed emphasis on including minority populations in health-related research, 3 and variations in disease incidence and dietary practices within and across ethnic minorities offer important opportunities for examining the role of diet in relation to risk of chronic disease. 4

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