Nutritional Screen Monitoring Tools

Authored by: Ronni Chernoff

Handbook of Nutrition and Food

Print publication date:  July  2013
Online publication date:  April  2016

Print ISBN: 9781466505711
eBook ISBN: 9781466505728
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/b15294-36

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Abstract

Malnutrition is not a condition that occurs rapidly; it is a chronic condition that develops slowly over time. It is widely accepted that malnutrition from any etiology is not a positive factor in health status and may have a negative impact on other health conditions. There have been many reports of the health consequences of malnutrition, particularly in hospitalized individuals where poor nutritional status has been associated with increased lengths of hospital stay, poor wound healing, other comorbidities, complications, incomplete rehabilitation, readmissions, and mortality. 1 6 This is particularly important because it has been estimated that 85% of noninstitutionalized older adults have one or more chronic conditions, many of which are related to nutritional status. 7 If it is possible to identify indicators of risk for the development of malnutrition, and these factors are reversible conditions, then interventions that will alleviate risk can be instituted before malnutrition becomes overt and worsens chronic conditions. 8

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