Vegetarian Diets in Health Promotion and Disease Prevention

Authored by: Claudia S. Plaisted Fernandez , Kelly M. Adams , Martin Kohlmeier

Handbook of Nutrition and Food

Print publication date:  July  2013
Online publication date:  April  2016

Print ISBN: 9781466505711
eBook ISBN: 9781466505728
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/b15294-30

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Abstract

Vegetarianism is rapidly growing in popularity. Technically defined, vegetarians are individuals who do not eat any meat, poultry, or seafood. 1 , 2 Estimates on the number of vegetarians in the United States vary greatly according to the definition of vegetarianism provided in the survey. True vegetarians who eat no meat, poultry, or fish make up about 3% of the population representing approximately 7 million adults according to a 2009 poll. 2 About one-third of vegetarians follow a vegan eating pattern. Vegetarianism is most common in females ages 18–34 at 5% of the population. 2

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