Nutrition during Pregnancy and Lactation

Authored by: Kathryn M. Kolasa , David G. Weismiller

Handbook of Nutrition and Food

Print publication date:  July  2013
Online publication date:  April  2016

Print ISBN: 9781466505711
eBook ISBN: 9781466505728
Adobe ISBN:


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It seems logical that the nutritional status of a woman prior to pregnancy as well as maternal nutrition should affect fetal development and subsequent pregnancy outcome. However, many confounding variables are common to the investigation of maternal nutrition and fetal development. 1 This section briefly summarizes recommendations for maternal nutrition. 2 11 It also includes comments about lactation, because maternal diet plays a central role in the transfer of nutriments to the infant. Table 18.1 includes special recommendations for women during childbearing years. Suggestions for counseling and treatment during preconception care office visits based on recommendations from the Center for Disease Control (CDC) 12 and others 13 are given in Table 18.2. Evidence supporting the value of preconception counseling continues to grow.

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