Vitamin Deficiencies

Authored by: Richard S. Rivlin

Handbook of Nutrition and Food

Print publication date:  July  2013
Online publication date:  April  2016

Print ISBN: 9781466505711
eBook ISBN: 9781466505728
Adobe ISBN:


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In general, vitamin deficiencies arise when the diet is inadequate in its content of one or more of the vitamins or when the body is unable to utilize those consumed adequately. Impaired intestinal absorption or defects in metabolic processes, storage, or excretion can each result in vitamin deficiency. Single-nutrient deficiencies are rare, because a diet that is suboptimal in one vitamin is nearly always suboptimal in others. Thus, a poor diet tends to have multiple inadequacies. Furthermore, some vitamins are involved in the metabolism of other vitamins, and therefore deficiencies may be interconnected.

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