Nutrition and Genetics

Authored by: Carolyn D. Berdanier

Handbook of Nutrition and Food

Print publication date:  July  2013
Online publication date:  April  2016

Print ISBN: 9781466505711
eBook ISBN: 9781466505728
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/b15294-12

 Download Chapter

 

Abstract

Nutrition science is concerned with the many factors that influence the need and use of macro- and micronutrients. Among these factors is the genetic heritage of the consumer. This heritage is conferred by the base sequence of the genetic material, deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). DNA is found in both the nucleus and mitochondria of the cell and dictates the characteristics of every living cell in every living creature. Nuclear DNA is organized into units called chromosomes. The chromosomes are found in pairs and contain the individual units called genes. Although all cells contain the same DNA, not all genes are expressed in every cell; some are specific to specific cell types.

 Cite
Search for more...
Back to top

Use of cookies on this website

We are using cookies to provide statistics that help us give you the best experience of our site. You can find out more in our Privacy Policy. By continuing to use the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.