Achieving Invariability in Analog Circuits Operating in Extreme Environments

Authored by: Peter Wilson , Robert Rudolf , Reuben Wilcock

Extreme Environment Electronics

Print publication date:  November  2012
Online publication date:  November  2012

Print ISBN: 9781439874301
eBook ISBN: 9781439874318
Adobe ISBN:


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With the advent of modern CMOS technologies in recent years, the intrinsic variability of analog circuits has become a significant enough problem for circuit designers that special methods have become necessary to address this issue from a perspective of variability. In an extreme environment context, the situation becomes even worse, as the effect of temperature in particular can add further significant variation in performance. The final problem to be overcome is that in extreme environments, almost by definition it can be difficult or even impossible to access the equipment to perform recalibration, making techniques that can modify circuit performance in the field particularly valuable.

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