Direct Lightning Stroke Shielding of Substations

Authored by: Robert S. Nowell

Electric Power Substations Engineering

Print publication date:  May  2012
Online publication date:  May  2012

Print ISBN: 9781439856383
eBook ISBN: 9781439856390
Adobe ISBN:


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Substation design involves more than installing apparatus, protective devices, and equipment. The significant monetary investment and required reliable continuous operation of the facility requires detailed attention to preventing surges (transients) from entering the substation facility. These surges can be switching surges, lightning surges on connected transmission lines, or direct strokes to the substation facility. The origin and mechanics of these surges, including lightning, are discussed in detail in Chapter 10 of The Electric Power Engineering Handbook (CRC Press 2001). This section focuses on the design process for providing effective shielding (that which permits lightning strokes no greater than those of critical amplitude [less design margin] to reach phase conductors [IEEE Std. 998-1996 (R2002)]) against direct lightning stroke in substations.

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