In This Chapter

Organic Farm Waste and Municipal Sludge

Authored by: Roš Milenko , Zupančič Gregor D.

Handbook of Bioenergy Crop Plants

Print publication date:  March  2012
Online publication date:  April  2012

Print ISBN: 9781439816844
eBook ISBN: 9781315099255
Adobe ISBN:


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Like settlements, towns and industries, organic farms also produce polluted wastes and wastewaters. In some countries, about half of all serious water pollution incidents are due to manure runoff from farms. Poultry, cows, and pigs are the farm animals most responsible for the pollution. Livestock production occupies 70% of all land used for agriculture and 30% of the planet’s land surface. It is responsible for 18% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions as measured in CO2 equivalents. It also generates 64% of the ammonia, which contributes to acid rain and acidification of ecosystems (FAO 2006; Action 2008; Watson 2008).

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