Authored by: Sharma Sanjeev K. , Kalra Krishan L. , Kocher Gurvinder S.

Handbook of Bioenergy Crop Plants

Print publication date:  March  2012
Online publication date:  April  2012

Print ISBN: 9781439816844
eBook ISBN: 9781315099255
Adobe ISBN:


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Limited stocks and exorbitant prices of petroleum products create the need of finding some suitable alternative fuels or fuel supplements (Wyman 1996; Lynd et al. 2005). Ethanol has especially attracted interest as an alternative transportation fuel for two reasons: (1) the oil crisis in the mid-1970s stressed the dependence on the supply of petroleum, which can be reduced by the use of alternative fuels such as ethanol from renewable resources; and (2) if the ethanol production process only uses energy from renewable energy sources, no net carbon dioxide is added to the atmosphere, making ethanol an environmentally safe fuel (Kheshgi et al. 2000).

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