Sugarcane

Authored by: Heitor Cantarella , Marcos Silveira Buckeridge , Marie-Anne Van Sluys , Anete Pereira de Souza , Antonio Augusto Franco Garcia , Milton Yutaka Nishiyama , Rubens Maciel Filho , Rubens Maciel Filho , Carlos Henrique de Brito Cruz , Mendes Souza Glaucia

Handbook of Bioenergy Crop Plants

Print publication date:  March  2012
Online publication date:  April  2012

Print ISBN: 9781439816844
eBook ISBN: 9781315099255
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/b11711-24

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Abstract

Sugarcane is a tropical grass of the Poacea family and Saccharum genus and comprises several species although plants presently cultivated are mostly hybrids derived from S. officinarum, S. spontaneum, S. robustum, S. sinnensis, and S. barberi (Figueiredo 2008). Sugarcane is originated from Asia; the exact center of origin is unknown, but evidence points to Polynesia, New Guinea, India, China, Fiji Islands, and Tahiti. There are reports that S. officinarum was known in 6000 BC in India (Daniels et al. 1975). Sugarcane was already cultivated in the Middle East before the Christian era. Later the Arabs introduced the plant in Europe and from there it spread to America and parts of Africa in the early fifteenth century with the start of colonization (Figueiredo 2008).

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