Impacts of Environmental Nanoparticles on Chemical, Biological, and Hydrological Processes in Terrestrial Ecosystems

Authored by: Nikolla P. Qafoku

Handbook of Soil Sciences Resource Management and Environmental Impacts

Print publication date:  November  2011
Online publication date:  November  2011

Print ISBN: 9781439803073
eBook ISBN: 9781439803080
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/b11268-6

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Abstract

This chapter seeks to provide some answers to questions about the role of nanoparticles (NPs) in controlling or influencing single and/or coupled chemical, biological, and hydrological processes in terrestrial ecosystems with various physical and mineralogical properties. This is a new and active area of research. For this reason, book chapters or review papers can quickly become outdated. In addition, many topics within this area of research have been explored only superficially, making the writing of critical analyses and comprehensive syntheses on specific or more general topics difficult. Under these circumstances, the aim of this chapter is to present recent results that have contributed to the current understanding of the impact of environmental NPs (ENPs) on these processes. Several important aspects of soil/geo nanoscience as we currently understand it are explained; and then ideas for future efforts and a direction for research in this fascinating, ever-expanding, and quickly advancing area within the soil and geosciences domains are presented. Additional information on NPs’ unique properties and behavior and insights on how nanoscience is changing our views in many directions are provided in Chapter 3 (Maurice, 2012).

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