Soil Enzymes

Authored by: Loretta Landi , Giancarlo Renella , Paolo Nannipieri

Handbook of Soil Sciences Properties and Processes

Print publication date:  November  2011
Online publication date:  November  2011

Print ISBN: 9781439803059
eBook ISBN: 9781439803066
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/b11267-42

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Abstract

Considerable information on soil enzymes has accumulated since 1899 when Woods postuled that many transformations of organic compounds in soil might be catalyzed by extracellular enzymes originating from soil organisms. Development in soil enzymology occurred after 1950 (Skujins, 1978a), when research concerned the study of origin, production, stabilization, and persistence of soil enzymes and the role of enzyme activities in the soil-plant system. Several review chapters and some books dealing with soil enzyme have been published (Table 26.3). The knowledge of the origin of enzymes, contributing to the measured soil enzyme activity, can allow a better understanding of organisms actively involved in nutrient dynamics in soil with possible insights into the pathways by which energy and nutrients flow through the soil food web.

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