Enchytraeidae—Oligochaeta

Authored by: P.C.J. van Vliet , Paul F. Hendrix

Handbook of Soil Sciences Properties and Processes

Print publication date:  November  2011
Online publication date:  November  2011

Print ISBN: 9781439803059
eBook ISBN: 9781439803066
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/b11267-36

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Abstract

The Enchytraeidae is a family of Oligochaetes that occur in terrestrial, littoral, and aquatic habitats. A total of some 600 species are now known worldwide, from the tropics to polar latitudes (Dash, 1990; Vaculik et al., 2004; Christensen and Dozsa-Farkas, 2006). Enchytraeids are mostly pale-colored and are anatomically similar to earthworms (only smaller). Their length ranges from 5 cm to less than 1 mm. Larger enchytraeids (up to 60 mm long) have been found in subarctic soils from the unglaciated portion of the northern Yukon (Canada) (Smith et al., 1990).

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