The 3D and 4D VIP-Man Computational Phantoms

Authored by: X. George Xu , Tsi-Chian Ephraim Chao , Ahmet Bozkurt , Chengyu Shi , Juying Zhang

Handbook of Anatomical Models for Radiation Dosimetry

Print publication date:  September  2009
Online publication date:  September  2009

Print ISBN: 9781420059793
eBook ISBN: 9781420059809
Adobe ISBN:


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The visible photographic man (VIP-Man) computational phantom was developed during 1996–2000 at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI, Troy, New York). The interest in anatomical and dosimetric modeling by the group at RPI originated from the doctoral research Dr. X. George Xu performed in early 1990s at Texas A&M University (TAMU, College Station, TX), under the guidance of Dr. W. Dan Reece, Dr. John Poston, and Dr. Wesley Bolch (now with the University of Florida) served on his dissertation committee. Dr. Xu’s work at TAMU was to implement the stylized adult male and female phantoms into the Monte Carlo N-Particle (MCNP) code in order to develop an algorithm that would link personnel dosimeter readings to effective dose equivalent that was adopted by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see Chapter 18 for more details).

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