Stylized Computational Phantoms Developed at ORNL and Elsewhere

Authored by: Keith F. Eckerman , John W. Poston , Sr. , Wesley E. Bolch , X. George Xu

Handbook of Anatomical Models for Radiation Dosimetry

Print publication date:  September  2009
Online publication date:  September  2009

Print ISBN: 9781420059793
eBook ISBN: 9781420059809
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/EBK1420059793-c2

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Abstract

In internal radiation dosimetry, a phantom is a mathematical representation of the human body which, when coupled with a Monte Carlo radiation transport computer code, can be used to estimate the absorbed dose to tissue and organs of the body from radionuclides distributed in the body—either uniformly or located in specific organs. The phantom description includes information on the elemental compositions and densities of the body or specific organs to allow the Monte Carlo code to track the radiation interactions and energy deposition in the body.

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