Biomimetics: Photonic Nanostructures

Authored by: Andrew R. Parker

6 Handbook of Nanophysics

Print publication date:  September  2010
Online publication date:  September  2010

Print ISBN: 9781420075502
eBook ISBN: 9781420075519
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/9781420075519-36

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Abstract

Three centuries of research, beginning with Hooke and Newton, have revealed a diversity of optical devices at the nanoscale (or at least the submicron scale) in nature. 1 These include structures that cause random scattering, 2D diffraction gratings, 1D multilayer reflectors, and 3D liquid crystals (Figure 31.1a through d). In 2001, the first photonic crystal was identified as such in animals, 2 and since then the scientific effort in this subject has accelerated. Now we know of a variety of 2D- and 3D-photonic crystals in nature (e.g., Figure 31.1e and f), including some designs not encountered previously in physics.

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