Fullerene C Toxicology

Authored by: Crystal Y. Usenko , Stacey L. Harper , Michael T. Simonich , Robert L. Tanguay

Handbook of Nanophysics

Print publication date:  September  2010
Online publication date:  September  2010

Print ISBN: 9781420075465
eBook ISBN: 9781420075496
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/9781420075496-20

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Abstract

Fullerenes were discovered in 1985 by Robert Curl, Richard Smalley, and Harold Kroto who later received the Nobel Prize for their discovery [1]. Today, carbon fullerenes are one of the most commonly used and most highly studied nanomaterial classes. Despite a wealth of information on the biological interactions of fullerenes, the principles that govern those interactions are largely unknown. This chapter presents information on the state-of-the-science in fullerene research, presenting new fullerene technologies and the implications of such technologies for living systems. We start with a general introduction to carbon fullerenes and methods for assessing their biological activity and toxic potential, and then discuss what is known about how and why carbon fullerenes interact with biological processes. The chapter concludes with a new paradigm to ensure the safety and benefit of future nanotechnologies.

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