Ecology of Plant Reproduction: Mating Systems and Pollination

Authored by: Anna Traveset , Anna Jakobsson

Functiona Plant Ecology

Print publication date:  June  2007
Online publication date:  June  2007

Print ISBN: 9780849374883
eBook ISBN: 9781420007626
Adobe ISBN:


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One of the main differences between most plants and animals is that the former cannot move in search of a partner to mate and thus needs a vector, which can be inanimate, such as wind or water, or an animal, vertebrate or invertebrate, to transport the male gametes (pollen) among flowers. This passivity has caused plants to evolve a great variety of adaptations, either to disperse the pollen, for instance by attracting animal pollinators with a reward, or to become independent of pollen vectors, that is, by reproducing asexually or by self-pollinating.

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