Basic Methodologies and Applications

Authored by: Teofilo F. Gonzalez

Handbook of Approximation Algorithms and Metaheuristics, Second Edition

Print publication date:  May  2018
Online publication date:  May  2018

Print ISBN: 9781498770118
eBook ISBN: 9781351236423
Adobe ISBN:


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In Chapter 1, we present an overview of approximation algorithms and metaheuristics as well as an overview for both volumes of this handbook. In this chapter, we discuss in more detail the basic methodologies and apply them to classic problems. These methodologies include the four major ones: restriction (algorithmic and structural), relaxation (numerical and structural), rounding, and transformation. Greedy methods fall in the class of restriction methods (structural), linear programming (LP)-rounding fall under relaxation (numerical) and α -vectors, local ratio and primal-dual fall under problem transformation. We also discuss in more detail inapproximability and show that the “original” version of the traveling salesperson problem (TSP) is constant ratio inapproximable.

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