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Smart Cities

Authored by: Stuart Borlase , Mehdi Ganji , Mohammad Shahidehpour , Mark Wells , Jessie Denver , Kip Harkness , Adrienne Grier , Daniel Kushner , Mahsa Nicknam , Dolan Beckel , Eric Lambert , Paul Doherty , Gary Wong , Patrick Burgess

Smart Grids

Print publication date:  December  2017
Online publication date:  November  2017

Print ISBN: 9781498799553
eBook ISBN: 9781351228480
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/9781351228480-24

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Abstract

Cities are places of opportunity and economic growth. People are attracted to cities to find higher paying jobs, to be closer to friends in smaller neighborhoods, and to enjoy the faster-paced culture and the multitude of convenient amenities of urban life. Today, more than half of the world’s population lives in towns and cities. With an estimated one million people moving into cities each week, this figure is expected to rise significantly in coming years. Between 2011 and 2050, the world’s urban population is projected to rise by 72% (from 3.6 billion to 6.3 billion) and the population share in urban areas is expected to increase from 52% in 2011 to 67% in 2050 [1]. Though cities occupy only 2% of the land mass, they consume 75% of all energy and produce 80% of all CO2 emissions [2]. This requires an increase in more cost-effective, smartly planned, and timely solutions to provide cities with an integrated infrastructure and services, such as transport, energy, health care, water, and waste. Information and communications technologies (ICT) will play an important role in connecting these resources to the people who use them in order to ensure economic, social, and environmental sustainability. The development of smart cities requires the joint participation by several stakeholders—government, private industries, and citizens.

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