Traffic Analysis

Authored by: Ambrósio Archanjo Gabriel , McCullagh Barry

Encyclopedia of Image Processing

Print publication date:  November  2018
Online publication date:  November  2018

Print ISBN: 9781482244908
eBook ISBN: 9781351032742
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/9781351032742-140000463

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Abstract

The transportation system is a vital element of any city and consequently one of the center points of human society. Since motor vehicles are the primary mode of transportation for most, this system is mainly designed for them. Traffic solutions are used to optimize the use of road network, support driver decisions, and detect and react in abnormal situations among other applications. In order to collect the necessary information to be processed in these applications, sensors are necessary. This work describes the use of video cameras as the main sensor in traffic applications and image processing as an approach to interpret the information collected by these kinds of sensors. Concepts of image processing techniques such as background removal, environment modeling, and pedestrian and vehicle detection are discussed. The usage of these concepts is presented in traffic applications such as street intersection monitoring, congestion and accident detection, and driver assistance and self-driving systems. Results and challenges are discussed as well as future trends are outlined.

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