Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing

Authored by: Jimenez Juan Carlos , Sobrino Jose Antonio , Soria Guillem , Julien Yves , Skokovic Drazen , Gomis-Cebolla Jose

Encyclopedia of Image Processing

Print publication date:  November  2018
Online publication date:  November  2018

Print ISBN: 9781482244908
eBook ISBN: 9781351032742
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/9781351032742-140000138

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Abstract

Thermal infrared (TIR) remote sensing techniques for Earth observation (EO) purposes collect the TIR radiation emitted by our planet’s surface in a number of natural or urban landscapes using sensor on board a variety of platforms (such as satellites or airplanes). TIR remote sensing data is essential for understanding land surface processes and land–atmosphere interactions, and it is used in a broad range of applications in a number of fields, such as oceanography, geology, climatology, and hydrology. The analysis and information extraction from thermal imagery acquired by EO sensors requires image processing techniques that are common to other branches of remote sensing but also specific techniques that are common to the TIR radiation nature. This entry provides a basic description of TIR remote sensing concepts, corrections, and algorithms for the retrieval of land surface temperature and emissivity.

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