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Authored by: Giannalberto Bendazzi

Animation: A World History

Print publication date:  November  2015
Online publication date:  November  2015

Print ISBN: 9781138854826
eBook ISBN: 9781315720746
Adobe ISBN:


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From the 1990s on, Japanese animation gave a greater role to the computer. In 1993, the software RETAS (Revolutionary Total Animation System) was introduced by the Japanese company Celsys. It would become one of the most used programmes in TV series. The programme led to cost reductions, for instance by sending cels digitally from a central house to associated studios. From the second half of the 1990s, RETAS was used increasingly to add new effects, integrated with traditional animation.

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