Hydraulic Turbines

Authored by: Roger E.A. Arndt , Leonardo P. Chamorro

Energy Conversion

Print publication date:  June  2017
Online publication date:  July  2017

Print ISBN: 9781466584822
eBook ISBN: 9781315374192
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/9781315374192-12

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Abstract

A hydraulic turbine is a mechanical device that converts the potential energy associated with a difference in water elevation (head) into mechanical work. Modern hydraulic turbines are the result of many years of gradual development. Economic incentives have resulted in the development of very large units (exceeding 800 MW in capacity, i.e., two orders of magnitude larger than their wind counterparts) with efficiencies that are sometimes in excess of 95%.

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