Current Insights into Proteomics of Biofuel Crops and Cyanobacteria

Authored by: Balwinder Singh Sooch , Manpreet Kaur Mann , Ram Sarup Singh

Biofuels

Print publication date:  October  2016
Online publication date:  November  2016

Print ISBN: 9781498723596
eBook ISBN: 9781315370743
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/9781315370743-21

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Abstract

Sustainable energy is considered as one of the most important concerns of the twenty-first century. Man has been dependent on fossil fuel reserves in the past centuries, but current scenario presents the diminishing behavior of these fossil fuel reserves. There is an urgent need for alternative sources to cope up with the diminishing fossil fuel reserves that promise a good yield of biomass for biofuel production. The energy requirements can be fulfilled with the production of bioenergy from the existing natural sources. Some crops consisting high sucrose content have the potential to produce biofuel by the process of conversion of sugars into bioethanol. Some chloroplast-containing microorganisms are also able to synthesize biofuels in their cells. There is a great potential to improve the yield and quality of biofuel from these natural resources for commercial success. To achieve this goal, it is important to understand the biological mechanisms like metabolomics, transcriptomics, and proteomics involved in these crops to visualize the scope for the enhancement of their yield and to formulate the strategies for further improvement. Proteomics deals with the identification and characterization of expressed proteins, which reveals their biological functions. A large number of databases are available to access the information deposited regarding proteomics and genomics data of biofuel crops and microorganisms. In this chapter, various studies conducted on proteomics in the past for plant-based sources like maize, sugarcane, sugar beet, sorghum, jatropha, and microorganisms (Synechocystis and Chlamydomonas reinhardtii) have been discussed.

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