Optical Fibers: Materials and Fabrication

Authored by: Liang Dong , Bryce Samson

Fiber Lasers

Print publication date:  September  2016
Online publication date:  September  2016

Print ISBN: 9781498725545
eBook ISBN: 9781315370521
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/9781315370521-5

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Abstract

The era of optical fiber communications began with the paper by Kao and Hockham then at Standard Telecommunications Laboratories (STL) in 1966 [1]. The paper discussed the theory and potential for optical fiber communications, predicting loss below 20 dB/km if metal impurities were removed. Work at Corning in the early 1970s pioneered silica-based optical fibers, made using vapor deposition techniques [2]. Subsequent efforts during the 1970s quickly led to a Rayleigh-scattering limited loss of ~0.2 dB/km at ~1550 nm by significantly minimizing transition metal and hydroxyl impurities in silica glass.

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