Electrochemical Energy Systems and Efficient Utilization of Abundant Natural Gas

Authored by: Manoj K. Mahapatra , Boxun Hu , Prabhakar Singh

Sustainability in the Mineral and Energy Sectors

Print publication date:  September  2016
Online publication date:  September  2016

Print ISBN: 9781498733021
eBook ISBN: 9781315369853
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/9781315369853-32

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Abstract

Demand for affordable clean energy is ever growing for energy security and sustainable environment as it relates to the societal and economic well-being and prosperity of the current and future generations. Electrochemical systems such as fuel cells are at the forefront of the emerging energy technologies to fulfill the demand. Compared to other fossil fuels, utilization of abundant natural gas in the fuel cells further decreases the carbon footprint and emission of other pollutants such as nitrogen oxide (NOX), sulfur oxide (SOX), and heavy metal particulates. Economical and reliable processing of natural gas for efficient use in fuel cell systems is one of the crucial steps for the commercial success of the fuel cell systems. In this contribution, we have introduced the advantages of the use of natural gas in fuel cell systems followed by the discussion on different fuel processing methods and challenges.

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