Introduction

Authored by: Maksym Spiryagin , Peter Wolfs , Colin Cole , Valentyn Spiryagin , Yan Quan Sun , Tim McSweeney

Design and Simulation of Heavy Haul Locomotives and Trains

Print publication date:  September  2016
Online publication date:  October  2016

Print ISBN: 9781498733526
eBook ISBN: 9781315369792
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/9781315369792-2

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Abstract

The predecessors of conventional railways as we know them today are considered to be early ‘trackways’ or ‘wagonways’ that provided the means for guiding a wheeled vehicle along a defined path. The earliest known example of such a system is the Diolkos, a 7 km long stone-paved portage trackway constructed in the sixth ­century BC near Corinth in ancient Greece. It enabled boats to be moved overland across the Isthmus of Corinth on a trolley hauled by manpower along a curved route that avoided steeper gradients [1]. This innovation replaced a 900 km circumnavigation by sea of the Peloponnese peninsula and continued in use until the first century AD. Horse-drawn wagonways using cut-stone tracks also first appeared in ancient Greece, and others can be found on Malta and in various parts of the Roman Empire.

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