Sensors and Sensor Systems for Harsh Environment Applications

Authored by: Andrea De Luca , Florin Udrea , Guoli Li , Yun Zeng , Nicolas André , Guillaume Pollissard-Quatremère , Laurent A. Francis , Denis Flandre , Zoltan Racz , Julian W. Gardner , Syed Zeeshan Ali , Octavian Buiu , Bogdan C. Serban , Cornel Cobianu , Tracy Wotherspoon

Semiconductor Devices in Harsh Conditions

Print publication date:  November  2016
Online publication date:  November  2016

Print ISBN: 9781498743808
eBook ISBN: 9781315368948
Adobe ISBN:


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Research and development of sensors able to operate in harsh environments is strongly driven by market needs resulting from a growingly stringency in environmental regulations and people safety legislation. One might simplistically associate the term harsh exclusively with high ambient temperature, but it is actually possible to identify four physical domains (thermal, mechanical, chemical and electromagnetic) that can contribute to the harshness of an environment. Furthermore, one has to bear in mind that different physical domains can interact with each other with complex cause–effect relationships, and that each single physical domain must be considered not only in steady state or slowly varying conditions, but also, and probably with even more concern, in a transient perspective. Under these conditions, depending on the specific application, a variety of measurands in different physical domains might be of interest (for direct monitoring and/or compensation purposes), such as temperature, flow, pressure, acceleration, radiation, gases (CO, CO2, NOx, H2S, O2, O3, water vapour, etc.) and particles.

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