Introduction to optical materials

Authored by: Neil J. Ross

Handbook of Optoelectronics

Print publication date:  October  2017
Online publication date:  October  2017

Print ISBN: 9781482241785
eBook ISBN: 9781315157009
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/9781315157009-2

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Abstract

Optoelectronics is, in essence, concerned with the interactions between light and the electrons within materials through which the light is propagating. This paper reviews the basic solid-state physics that is necessary to understand the behavior of many optoelectronic devices. The emphasis is on the physical models that are used to understand and predict the behavior of materials. It is assumed that the reader has some knowledge of the basic principles of quantum mechanics, but no attempt will be made to formulate the models in a rigorous mathematical form. Only inorganic materials will be considered in this paper, as polymers and organic materials are considered elsewhere. As the interaction between light and a material is primarily through the electrons, it will be necessary to review the behavior of electrons in a solid material in some detail, with particular emphasis on semiconductors, because of their technological importance.

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