Optical to electrical energy conversion: Solar cells

Authored by: Tom Markvart , Fernando Araujo de Castro

Handbook of Optoelectronics

Print publication date:  October  2017
Online publication date:  October  2017

Print ISBN: 9781482241808
eBook ISBN: 9781315156996
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/9781315156996-16

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Abstract

Photovoltaics (PV) is about to celebrate 70 years of its existence in the modern era. Photochemical reactions that can produce energy from sunlight have been known for over 160 years [1] and photosensitive semiconductor devices were discovered in the second half of the nineteenth century [2,3]. However, it was not until the 1950s that the first practical solar cell was developed at Bell Laboratories in New Jersey [4].

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